The Sumer and Akkad are the most ancient civilizations which actually were the ones to create the army institution and first weapons. The need of military institutions and weapon inventions appeared because the Sumerian city-states fought for lands with one another and later with other invaders. The Greeks called this area Mesopotamia which translates as the “land between the two rivers” (Tigris and Euphrates). The cities of Sumer were already developed an urban level of life to 4000 B.C., there should be mentioned cities like: Ur, Nipur, Lagash, Umma, Eridu and Urak.
The two civilizations were among the oldest urban civilizations. They were first to record the battles and create military dictionary. Especially the Sumer civilization had no analogues by application of military weaponry in the Bronze Age. The rest part of the Middle East needed about 2000 years more to advance to the level of Sumer and Akkad.
One of the first evidences from which we can learn about Sumerian weapons is a stele. It is called the Stele of Vultures and was made after the battle held between the states of Lagash and Umma in 2525 B.C. The Stele of Vultures represents the king of Lagash leading an armored infantry. Helmets and spears are basic military inventory. The king himself is handling a socket axe riding a chariot. Eannatum is represented holding a sickle-sword in his hand.
The earliest Sumerian helmets date back to 2500 B.C. They were made of copper and were leaned with leather for comfort. The existence of helmet in military inventory pointed to the fact that a higher level was reached in military achievements. The helmet symbolized protection against the most feared offensive weapon – the mace! During that period the mace was considered the main weapon in the battlefield fights. The helmet protection was so successful that in the long run the mace was drove from the battlefield.
After helmet proved success the Sumerians proceeded to elaborate protection for the rest body. Thus, there were invented a peculiar type of armor – armored cloak. The cloak was leather or resistant fabric confection which was covered with metal disks provided with spines. It was fixed around the neck and covered the most important parts of the body assuring a good protection. Later, Sumerians elaborated plated armor.
An important military innovation of Sumer was the socket axe. The weapon was made of bronze and was the mile stone attribute of Sumerian army which conferred significant military advantage. It appeared in response to the development of plated type of body armor aiming to penetrate it. For this the blade of the axe needed to be large and heavy enough to apply a strong blow. But Sumerians had to face another problem – assure proper linkage between the shaft and the blade itself so that the first withstand heavy strokes.
The solution was the use of the cast bronze socket, which was secured with rivets over the head of the shaft. By 2500 B.C. Sumerian axes were redesigned and adopted to the battle needs. Thus, one of the axe variants was equipped with a narrowing blade in order to reduce the impact area and bring the blade closer to the target and deeper into flesh. This innovation put the basis for generation of penetrating axes. These ones were able to pierce through bronze plate armor.
Another military achievement of the Sumerians was the use of wheel for creation of Chariot. The Sumerian chariot featured a construction with four or two wheels. Initially, it was conceived as a civil vehicle for higher social classes. The chariot couldn’t be offensive because of its small size, light weight, and lack of stability due to unbalanced construction. Later it became a dangerous weapon adopted by other military cultures, like: Hittites, Canaanites, Egyptians, and Assyrians. A chariot could carry at least one driver, two archers, and a spearman. These warriors became the elite of fighting corps and were an irreplaceable part of any ancient world army.
The sickle-sword is also considered to be a weapon invented by Sumerians around 2500 B.C. Its predestination was to serve as the primary infantry weapon.
This one is considered one of the major innovations of Sumerians and Akkadians. It dates back to 2254-2218 B.C. The composite bow had a pull of 2-3 times of the simple bow. It could penetrate leather armor and some of early bronze armors at the distance of 50-100 yards. This innovation was very efficient and determined the use of composite bow during the next fifteen hundred years.
Tags: "mesopotamia chariot", "this one is considered one of the major innovations of sumerians", a long pointed weapon used by sumerian warriors, a long weapon used by sumerian warriors, achaedian weapons, acnient sumerians, akadian weapons, akkad, akkad armor, akkad army, akkad city map, akkad map, akkad on a map, akkad social class, akkad social classes, akkad social structure, akkad weapon, akkad weapons, akkad's social structure, akkadian, akkadian achivments, akkadian achivments miltary, akkadian armor, akkadian armor sheilds, akkadian army, akkadian axe, akkadian bows, akkadian bronze weapons, akkadian chariot, akkadian chariots, akkadian composite bow, akkadian empire weapons, akkadian helmet, akkadian inventions, akkadian knife, akkadian knives, akkadian map, akkadian military, akkadian military inventions, akkadian military technology, akkadian military weapons, akkadian sickle sword, akkadian social, akkadian social classes, akkadian social structure, akkadian social structures, akkadian structure, akkadian sword, akkadian sword for sale, akkadian sword fotos, akkadian swords, akkadian tactics, akkadian technology, akkadian waepons, akkadian warfare, akkadian wariors, akkadian warriors, akkadian warriors weapons, akkadian weaopon, akkadian weapon, akkadian weaponry, akkadian weapons, akkadian weapons and armour, akkadian weapons replica, akkadian wepons, akkadians, akkadians armor, akkadians milit, akkadians social classes, akkadians social structure, akkadians social structures, akkadians sword, akkadians warfare weapons, akkadians warriors, akkadians weapons, akkadians wepons, akkadiantechnology what they invented, akkiden weapions, ancient akkadian inventions, ancient akkadian inventions weapons, ancient akkadian social structure, ancient akkadian warfare, ancient akkadian warriors, ancient akkadian weapons, ancient akkadians social structure, ancient blades for sale, ancient chariots mesopotamia, ancient impact weapons, ancient mesopotamia chariots, ancient mesopotamia civilization militry and weopons, ancient mesopotamia military chariots, ancient mesopotamia weapons, ancient mesopotamia weapons sumerian, ancient mesopotamia-chariot, ancient mesopotamian armor, ancient mesopotamian chariots, ancient mesopotamian weapons, ancient sickle sword, ancient sumarian weapons, ancient sumer, ancient sumer map, ancient sumer weapons, ancient sumer wepons, ancient sumeria places to visit, ancient sumerian armor, ancient sumerian bronze sword, ancient sumerian military, ancient sumerian swords, ancient sumerian warriors, ancient sumerian weapon, ancient sumerian weaponry, ancient sumerian weapons, ancient sumerian weapons and armour, ancient sumerians weaponry, ancient sumerians weapons, ancient swords sumaria, ancient warfare tactics akkadians, ancient weaponry of sumeria, ancient weapons in sumer, ancient weopry for sale, armor, armor used in mesopotamia, armored cloak, bronze sickle sword, bronzereplicaweapons.com, bronzeweaponreproduction.com, Chariot, chariots in mesopotamia, cickle sword, Composite Bow, construction, dangerous mesopatamian weapons, did akkadians have swords?, did the sumerians have a stone axe?, eridu map, first civilization helmet and sword, first weapons, google summarian sword, hittites wepons, how samurai armor and sumerian, how sword was invented in mesopotamia, http://www.sharpblades.net/, http://www.sharpblades.net/sumerian-and-akkadian-weapons, long pointed weapon used by sumerian warriors, long pointed weapon used sumerian warriors, map of akkad, map of akkadian, map of ancient akkad, map of ancient sumer, map of sumer, map of sumer and akkad, mesopetanium, mesopetanium chariot, mesopotamia battle weapos, mesopotamia chariots, mesopotamia military, mesopotamia military weapons, mesopotamia sickle sword, mesopotamia weaponry, mesopotamia weapons, mesopotamian chariots, mesopotamian helmet, mesopotamian helmets, mesopotamian sickle, mesopotamian sickle sword, mesopotamian sickle sword sharpblades.com, mesopotamian sickle swords, mesopotamian sumerian weapons, mesopotamian sword, mesopotamian swords, mesopotamian weapons, military achievents in summerian times, military weaponry, purpose of ancient mesopotamia chariots, replica sumerian, sharpblades, sharpblades.net, Sickle, sickle as a military weapon, sickle blade weapons for sale, sickle blades fantasy weapon, sickle sword, sickle sword for sale, sickle sword mesopotamia, sickle sword of ancient mesopotamia, sickle sword of mesopotamia, sickle sword replica, sickle sword replica sale, sickle sword sale, sickle sword weapon, sickle swords, sickle swords for sale, sickle weapon for sale, sickle-sword infantry weapon, sicklesword for sale, sidenav, social classes in akkad, social classes in akkadian, social classes of akkadians, social structure for akkadian, social structure of akkad, social structure of the akkadians, Socket Axe, Stele of Vultures, stele weapon, stele wepon, stone age sickle replica, sumarian composit bow, sumarian helmet, sumarian knife, sumarian knives, sumarian military, sumarian socket axes, sumarian sword, sumarian swords, sumarian use of the composit bow, sumarian weapons, Sumer, sumer city-states, sumer civilization, sumer civilization map, sumer composite bow, sumer map, sumer on the map, sumer sickle sword, sumer swords, sumer weapon, sumer weapons, sumerarian, sumerarian weapons, sumeriam weapons, sumerian, sumerian and akkadian weapons, sumerian armies, sumerian armor, sumerian armour, sumerian army, sumerian army weapons, sumerian axe, sumerian axes, sumerian battle axe, sumerian battle helmets, sumerian battle weapons, sumerian battles, sumerian blade, sumerian blades, sumerian bow, sumerian bronze, sumerian bronze age weapons for sale, sumerian bronze helmet, sumerian bronze sword, sumerian bronze weapons, sumerian chariot, sumerian city states map, sumerian civilization, sumerian civilization map, sumerian composite bow, sumerian empire map, sumerian fara weapons, sumerian helmet, Sumerian helmets, sumerian impact weapons, sumerian knife, sumerian knife collectible replica, sumerian knives, sumerian leather, sumerian leather armor, sumerian leatther, sumerian mace, sumerian mace first weapons, sumerian mace for sale, sumerian mace with spikes, sumerian map, sumerian military, sumerian military tactics, sumerian military weapons, sumerian protection, sumerian replica, sumerian replicas, sumerian sickle, sumerian sickle dagger, sumerian sickle sword replica for sale, sumerian sickle-sword, sumerian sickles, sumerian socket axe, sumerian socketed axe, sumerian socketed battle axe, sumerian sword, sumerian sword for sale, sumerian sword helmets, sumerian sword inventions, sumerian sword replica, sumerian swords, sumerian swords for sale, sumerian warfare and weapons, sumerian warrior, sumerian warriors, sumerian weapon, sumerian weapon makers, sumerian weaponry, Sumerian weapons, sumerian weapons and armor, sumerian weapons and armour, sumerian weapons and warfare, sumerian weapons armor, sumerian weopons, sumerian wepons, sumerians ancient civilization, sumerians army, sumerians impact, sumerians knives, sumerians sickle as a weapon, sumerians swords, sumerians tools and weapons, sumerians weaponry, sumerians weapons, şumerlər, summerian weapons, Sword, sword inventions, sword sumeria, the "akkadian social structure", the akkadian military, the akkadians, the akkadians military chariots, the akkadians weapons, the armies of sumer and akkad, the mace in sumer, the sickle sword of mesopotamia, the sumerian army, the sumerian weapon, the sumerians weapons, Title, weapon stele, weaponry of akkadians, weapons and arms in akkad, weapons from ancient sumer, weapons in ancient mesopotamia, weapons in ancient sumer, weapons in mesopotamia civilization, weapons in sumer, weapons mesopotamia, weapons of akkad, weapons of akkadian, weapons of akkadians, weapons of ancient mesopotamia, weapons of ancient sumer, weapons of sumeria, weapons of the akkadians, weapons of the sumerian civilization, weapons of the sumerians, weapons used by akkadians, weapons used by the akkadians, weap[ons of anceint sumer, wepons and tools sumer used, wepons made in b.c by date, what are mesopotamian chariots, what are mesopotamian weapons, what did the sumerians use as their weapons, what is a long pointed weapon used by sumerian warriors, what is a long pointed weapon used by the sumerians, what is a long pointed weapon used by warriors called, what is a mesopotamian chariot, what kind of armor did the sumerians use, what was akkadians social structure, what was the long pointed weapon used by sumerian wariors, what weapons did the akkadians use, what were the sumerian weapons, where is akkad, www.sharpblades.net, www.sumerianwepons