There are not so many evidences that tell us about Ethiopian Medieval Weapons. Africa, as a whole, is a great enigma especially when we speak about weapons.
The medieval weapons of Ethiopia are called nwayate haql. The basic warfare inventory of Ethiopians consisted of: swords, shields, spears, bows, arrows, slingshots, and rolling boulders.
Bows and arrows
Bows and arrows – qest and ahtsa – were the most extensively used arms. Their use is mentioned in the reigns of Emperor Gelawdewos (1540-1560 A.D.) and Emperor Sussnyos (1607-1632 A.D). Medieval Ethiopia had several vassal states, which took over their weapons and served the Ethiopian interests and borders. The most known vassal states were the neighbouring Yifat and Adel. There also were tribes that were not incorporated into the empire, but were like Roman foedus tribes. One of the known ones was the Nilotic people of the Tekkeze valley (north-west Ethiopia).
The most striking evidence of usage of Ethiopian arms by tribes is the participation of Elmaya tribe in the battle of Emperor Lbne Dngl against Ahmed Ibn Ibrahim El Ghazi (Gran). About 2.000 of Elmaya warriors were equipped with bows and poisoned arrows. The tradition says that the warriors mistook the Emperor’s camp for that of the enemy and terminated it. The Ashmen tribes of Gafat have also used poisoned arrows against Emperor Sussnyos’s army.
Swords, Shields and Spears
The structure of Ethiopian army was pretty well settled, there was distinguished traditional army division into cavalry and infantry. The infantry was basically armed with swords – asyft, shields- welatw, and spears – quiyanw.
The Ethiopian spear construction reflected three components: the sharp piercing point – quinat, tor, chmara, or chrrie; the shaft – zabia; and the end of the shaft an iron ring – megureb. The point and the ring were usually made of iron alloys or of some early steels; whereas the shaft was made of wood. The capping ring was provided to assured additional weight for perfect balance. In this way the spear represented a calculated construction which enabled the bearer to hit the aimed target within at least 20 feet. The spear actually, had a special meaning in the Ethiopian culture. One of the words meaning spear is tor, in Amharic language this also means ‘war’.
The cavalry benefited only of swords and spears, but it was heavy armored with mails – tsrur or dir’a hatsin and helmets – qur’. The mail had an inflexible construction with a separate tubular sequence for the neck – borboti. Of course, not all cavalry soldiers benefited of armor, only the high ranked ones. The rest army wrapped themselves with cloth – qnat, meqennet, thus creating some kind of protection. This kind of ‘armor’ offered maneuverability and flexibility, which made the movements more accurate and thus more efficient.
Also there are pretty well known the daggers use – methaht or shotel and javelin – armah. Their usage was especially frequent in Yifat.
The three basic weapons (spear, sword and bow) are the most frequently referred to in medieval Ethiopian chronicles. Most of them refer to the period when governed emperors like: Emperor Amde Tsion (1312-1342 A.D.), Emperor Gelawdewos, and Emperor Sussnyos. These weapons withstood the waves of western influence and were used even during the 19th century.
Tags: 19th century ethiopian shield for sale, abassinian arms and armor, abbyssian swords, abyasennian swords, abyssinian armor, abyssinian army cavalry, abyssinian army weapons, abyssinian knife, abyssinian shields, abyssinian swords, abyssinian weapon, abyssinian weaponry, abyssinian weapons, abyssynia medieval armor, ancient ethiopian warrior spears, ancient ethiopian weapons, arm dagger, armor, armor of ethiopia, arms and armour ethiopia, arrows, asyft, beautiful ethiopian weapons, bows, Bows and arrows, cache:gpcxfqhgfqyj:www.sharpblades.net/tags/abyssinian-swords abyssinian swords, cavalry Armor, ceremonial ethiopian spear, collectors of ethiopian spears and shields, construction, dagger, eithiopian spear, eithopia with spear, eithopianweapons, ethiopan weapons, ethiopia and 19thcentury weapons, ethiopia calture spears and shields, ethiopia food spears, ethiopia medieval army, ethiopia medieval military, ethiopia medieval warrior, ethiopia nmade weapons, ethiopia spears and shields, ethiopia sword, ethiopia weapons, ethiopian 16th cetury weapon, ethiopian arm, ethiopian arm dagger, ethiopian armor, ethiopian armour, ethiopian arms, ethiopian arms and armor, ethiopian arms and armour, ethiopian army weapons, ethiopian arrows, ethiopian bow and arrows sale, ethiopian bows, ethiopian bows and arrows, ethiopian gun types, ethiopian hide shield 20th century, ethiopian knife, ethiopian knives, ethiopian made weapons, ethiopian mail armor wearers, ethiopian medieval, ethiopian medieval armor, ethiopian medieval tribes, ethiopian medieval warrior, Ethiopian Medieval Weapons, ethiopian military saber for sale, ethiopian military weapons, ethiopian muskets use, ethiopian shield, ethiopian shield for sale, ethiopian shields, ethiopian shields and spears, ethiopian spear, ethiopian spear and shield, ethiopian spear collection, ethiopian spear for sale, ethiopian spears, ethiopian spears and shield, ethiopian spears for sale, ethiopian sword, ethiopian sword for sale, ethiopian swords, ethiopian swords for sale, ethiopian swords for sale in uk, ethiopian traditional weapon, ethiopian traditional weapons, ethiopian warrior, ethiopian warrior spear images, ethiopian warrior vs samurai, ethiopian warrior weapon, ethiopian warrior weapons, ethiopian weapon, ethiopian weaponry, ethiopian weapons, ethiopian weapons for sale, ethiopian weapons picture, ethiopian weapons store, ethiopian wepapon, ethiopian wepon, ethiopian with spear, ethiopians ceremonial weapon, ethiopians weapons, ethiopiian weapons for sale, ethiopion weapons, ethopian knives, ethopian spears, ethopian swords, ethopian weapons, etiopia army, etiopia army wepons, etiopian knives, etiopianarmy, europianmissionary in ethiopia during medial period, http://www.sharpblades.net/, images of ethiopian swords and shields and spears, medeival ethiopian army, medieval abyssinian army, medieval african weapons, medieval ethiopia, medieval ethiopia food, medieval ethiopia warriors, medieval ethiopian armies, medieval ethiopian army, medieval ethiopian names, medieval ethiopian soldiers, medieval ethiopian warfare, medieval ethiopian weapon, medieval ethiopian weapons, medieval ethiopian weapons and armor, medieval ethiopians, medieval spears, Medieval Swords, medieval weapons, medieval weapons shop, megureb, nwayate haql, nwayate haql ancient, ormor www ethiapia com, picture of a ethiopian hebrew army armor, sharp medieval spears, sharpblades, sharpblades.net, shields ethiopia spears, shop etiopian sword, shotel, shotel sword, shotels, sica, sivastopol ethiopian weapon, spear ethiopia, spear ethiopian, spear weapon from ethiopia, Sword, Swords, swords abyssinia, swords abyssinian, Title, traditional ethiopian armor, traditional ethiopian armour, traditional ethiopian weaponry, traditional ethiopian weapons, traditional weapons in ethiopia, weapons and armor of ethiopia, weapons in medieval africa, web, what type of weapons use in the ethiopian army, www.sharpblades.net